The perfect solution for the future to come is driving an electric vehicle. Too much pollution, noise, and deprivation of fossil fuels all lead to a logical conclusion. We should drive nature-friendly cars. The usage of electric vehicles has been growing daily, and one of the most intriguing questions is how long does it take to charge an electric car?
Daily innovations in the car industry will help your dream come true in a short time. Nowadays, cars can go as far as 370 miles (595.5 km) without recharging. Of course, it is the best-case scenario, and the real mileage primarily depends solely on the brand and manufacturer. Soon enough, we will be able to drive the same distance or even more as we do now by using fossil fuels.
How Long Does It Take to Charge an Electric Car?
More factors can influence the time of charging your electric vehicle, but the crucial two are the type of car and the type of charger.
1. Type of Electric vehicles
Nowadays, you can find three types of these cars on the market, including:
These so-called pure EVs cars use exclusively electrical energy for both starting the engine and driving. They are very quiet and represent an ideal option for busy cities and urban areas.
Since these vehicles have a distance range of 100 to 200 miles (161 – 322 km), they can be suitable for everyday drive to work and back. However, they are not a convenient option for longer journeys.
Part electric vehicles
So-called plug-in hybrids or PHEVs use both types of energy, including electricity and fuels. They are useful for longer rides if you have nowhere to charge the electric battery.
In that case, you can use the battery for shorter distances up to 50 miles (80.5 km), and then continue your travel by using fuel. Some models use electricity and gas alternately, depending on whether the vehicle is at full speed or decelerating at a traffic light, for example.
Extended-range electric vehicles
In the end, there are E-REVs, the type of vehicle using electricity, but just for the sake of charging the battery. They have a fuel engine to charge the battery if you need it.
These models have the best mileage of all three types. The distance you can ride comfortably is approximately 125 miles (201 km). After the fuel engine charges the battery, you can continue with driving for another 65 miles (104.5 km).
2. Types of Chargers
Standard wall outlets are an ideal option for ordinary charging usage. You can find them anyplace. Just in case, you should keep one extra charger in your car, because you never know where you need to charge it. That way, you can finish the job at home, work, or gas station when required.
Wall outlets with a standard 120-volt are so-called ‘level one charging.’ By using them, you need to charge your car up to 8 hours from empty to full battery. If you just recharge a bit, then you will need less time. However, most owners find that charging the vehicle overnight is the most convenient option for them.
It is of high importance that standard wall outlets connectors are compatible with all car types. The other option is to use an adapter. With a charging rate of 5 miles (8 km) per hour, wall outlets are the slowest, but still the most popular and reliable option available.
It is an ideal option for busy people. Compared to standard 120-volt outlets, they provide quite fast charging, which will save you a lot of time. With this type of outlet, you will charge your vehicle for four hours, at worst.
The charging rate is at least 25 miles (40 km) per hour. However, it can be up to 60 miles (96.5 km) per hour, depending on the type of car and some additional equipment.
You can install a 220 to 240 volts outlet at your home. When it comes to public charging spots and gas stations, the 240 outlets for charging are the most common options.
DC fast chargers
With a range of 250 miles (402 km) per hour, these chargers are the fastest ones in the contemporary market. The fact that you can charge up to 50 miles (80.5 km) in 15 minutes makes this model a winner in speed charging.
However, you can expect that innovations in technology and the car industry will rise that figure. Since all of us need decreasing in CO2 emission and less loud traffic, the increasing use of renewable, eco-friendly technologies is the must-have solution for the future.
3. The Types of Connectors
It is essential to pay attention to the compatibility of the connectors and the electric car you have. Depending on the types of chargers, you can use J1772, CHAdeMO, Combo (CCS), or Tesla. Sometimes, you will need an adequate adapter, but it is not a problem. Nowadays, some manufacturers include the adapter in the price of the vehicle.
- Rapid DC chargers – They use either the Combo or CHAdeMO charging standards. Nowadays, they are the most common types, which typically need 20 to 60 minutes to charge an EV to 80%.
- Ultra-Rapid DC chargers – As the next-generation, they can reduce recharging times despite the increased battery capacity in newer EVs. Like the previous type, they provide charging by using Combo or CHAdeMO connectors.
- Tesla’s Supercharger – It is something special. It provides rapid DC charging. Depending on the model, it will use a Tesla CCS or Tesla Type 2 connector. However, many Tesla owners use Combo and CHAdeMO adaptors, which enable using general public rapid points. Keep in mind that this option doesn’t apply to Tesla Model 3, which requires the Tesla CCS connector.
- Rapid AC chargers – They use the Type 2 charging standard and usually take 20 to 40 minutes to charge an EV to 80%.
I have given the general information here. Since the speed of charging varies depending on the model and brand of the vehicle, you should consult the car dealers or look up at a car’s manual for more specific details.
Enjoy the eco-ride!